phantom limb /ˈfan(t)əm’lim/ n. an usually painful sensation of the presence of a limb that has been amputated.

Welcome to Phantom Limbs, a recurring function which is able to check out supposed but unproduced horror sequels and remakes – extensions to style movies we love, appendages to horror franchises that we like – that have been sadly lopped off earlier than making it past the planning levels. Right here, we can be chatting with the creators of those unmade extremities to achieve their distinctive perception into these follow-ups that by no means have been, with the discussions standing as hopefully illuminating however undoubtedly painful reminders of what might need been.

For this entry, we’ll be looking at Street of the Lifeless, meant to be the most recent movie in George A. Romero’s long-running zombie saga and introduced in Might of 2015 with this intriguing logline: “The story is about on an island the place zombie prisoners race vehicles in a modern-day Coliseum for the leisure of rich people.” Unusually although, it has but to enter manufacturing all these years later. Billed as George A. Romero Presents Street of the Lifeless and written/to-be-directed by Romero buddy and collaborator Matt Birman, Street has appeared to be inexplicably idling in improvement hell for the final couple of years – a wierd destiny for a venture that originally commanded an excessive amount of pleasure and anticipation.

Mr. Birman joins us for this chat to debate why the movie hasn’t but been made, why it could not be an official continuation of Mr. Romero’s Lifeless movies, and the probability of followers ever having the ability to see this story of the road-racing undead.


Noting that Street was to be a chronological continuation of 2005’s Land of the Lifeless, Mr. Birman notes that it was the ultimate moments of that movie that impressed the core concept behind Street. “It’s how I obtained the concept for the pitch. The final shot in Land, when Large Daddy turns to the digital camera and roars because the vans take off and the fireworks go off. I saved saying, ‘The entire thing is an extension of Bub. The intelligence, the realized reminiscence, utilizing instruments. Bub virtually talks, and salutes. Then we’ve obtained zombies utilizing instruments and firing weapons. So I simply mentioned, ‘Why don’t they only get within the automobile and comply with them wherever they’re going?’ They’ve been following them for the entire film. They made it by means of the water, they made it to Fiddler’s Inexperienced. The following logical factor for them to recollect tips on how to do is drive. Each George and Peter [Grunwald], his companion, thought it was hysterical. However ‘Nah, it’ll by no means fly. Why would they drive?’ I used to be like, ‘Effectively, why are they utilizing bats?’ George thought it was an excellent concept, however he might by no means work out why they’d be driving. He threw me a biscuit by placing a zombie on the ferry in [2009’s Survival of the Dead, Mr. Romero’s final zombie film]. The zombie that drives in Survival was an in-joke between us saying ‘Let’s give Matt his driving zombie.’ That man on the ferry is remembering what “P R N D” is on the gear shift. And George was like ‘There! Carried out with it now.’”

However, Mr. Birman notes that he continued mulling over his concept. “I couldn’t get it out of my head. Because it developed, I needed to deliver again a army aspect, a tie into Day as to … ‘Which social commentary are we making right here?’ I obtained a bit inspiration from The Darkish Knight, when Chris Nolan mentioned ‘No, this has nothing to do with Occupy.’ However no, it completely does. Bruce Wayne is a one-percenter. I used to be in London, and I walked previous an Occupy tent in 2012 close to St. Paul’s Cathedral, and so they all seemed like zombies in these tents. And I simply went, ‘I feel we hit on one thing.’

“I went to Ponce, Puerto Rico in 2012 and wrote it. [Romero] learn it, and didn’t actually prefer it. He didn’t just like the type I wrote in, when it comes to screenplay writing. He didn’t like among the lingo within the narrative. However he liked the concept of the story. He simply nonetheless couldn’t work out ‘Why are they driving?’, however he appreciated my concept of a scientist making an attempt to give you a approach for us to dwell collectively, versus curing it. After which I wrote a second draft in 2016, and that’s when he perked up. He liked it, he simply needed funnier jokes. So I mentioned ‘Effectively, isn’t it time you joined the celebration?’ He took a go at among the dialogue, and making funnier jokes. He did a dialogue go, after which we had one large story level that he needed to vary, that I finally modified, however no. However he by no means did a full draft of the script, so to talk. However that’s the purpose the place we put his title on it, so it mentioned ‘Written by Matt Birman and George Romero.’ Ended up biting me…”

Large Daddy (Eugene Clark) in ‘Land of the Lifeless’ (2005)


Earlier than we get to how that selection in the end got here again to hang-out Mr. Birman, let’s check out Street’s story: set in “the darkest days of the Zombie apocalypse”, Street of the Lifeless focuses on a Canadian island protected haven whose inhabitants are protected against the undead, however are sadly topic to the tough legal guidelines and astronomical taxes of its tyrannical chief, Brigadier Basic Leon “Copperhead” Kinds. Additionally on this island are our heroes – Dr. Harriet Jane and her mentor, Hal Cain. The duo are engaged on creating an antigen that can assist dampen the essential zombie’s want for human brains. Not a treatment, precisely, however one thing that can assist people and zombies dwell in some form of peace. Jane exams her antigen on a provide of “useless heads” which might be provided to her by Copperhead, who makes use of the remaining captured zombies to take part in drag racing occasions. That’s proper, the Basic runs a drag strip as a latter-day Coliseum, entertaining the rich lots who gamble and thrill to the creative carnage they witness on the monitor. In fact, this being a Lifeless movie, issues go terribly unsuitable and quite a lot of zombies are unleashed on the island’s populace, forcing Cain and his Particular Ops educated daughter Julia to aim an escape simply earlier than one ultimate, fateful race attracts them again…a race that can decide not solely their destiny, however that of your entire world.

“We got here up with the Ben Hur concept, that it’s leisure for the rich. I began cross-breeding it with Jewison’s Rollerball, making it about one-percenters making an attempt to remain entertained whereas they attempt to survive within the final protected place on earth, whereas a few neurologists work on…not a treatment, however a approach for us to dwell with [zombies].” And what of Land of the Lifeless? Would that movie and its finale have factored into Street’s plot? Mr. Birman reveals that the majority of the remaining characters from Land wouldn’t have survived. “The zombies comply with the Lifeless Reckoning [the heavily armed and armored vehicle our heroes use in Land]. All people dies. I saved one character alive, who’s within the Street of the Lifeless screenplay, although I gained’t reveal who that’s. We knew we couldn’t use any of these names, as a result of they have been all studio property, as a result of Land was a studio image. So I couldn’t even use the title of the truck or the characters’ names. I wasn’t going to get Simon Baker or Asia Argento. So all of that went out the window. I used to be caught on the concept that the truck makes it to an island, the final protected place on Earth. That island has moved from Puerto Rico to Canada, for manufacturing functions. Aside from that, it’s a chronological continuation that skips previous [the standalone reimaginings that were] Diary and Survival.”

Mr. Birman additionally offers a bit extra element on the movie’s wild, racing zombies premise: “I don’t thoughts it being revealed that they’re not really hopping into vehicles and driving them. They’re being corralled into the vehicles, and so they’re on a monitor. All they keep in mind tips on how to do is press the gasoline petal. That’s why it’s mayhem. They’re not really driving. They’re simply entertaining. The vehicles are up on jacks. They get within the automobile, the wheels spin, they drop them off the jacks, and away they go. It’s a playing sport. So if persons are picturing Mad Max with zombies chasing people in vehicles … there’s a little bit of that on the finish, however it’s only a second within the movie when one of many hero zombies takes a truck.”

Bub (Sherman Howard) in ‘Day of the Lifeless’ (1985)

Talking of “hero zombies”, this fan needed to ask – is there an equal to the extra developed zombies like Day’s Bub or Land’s Large Daddy in Street? “There’s. It’s a mixture of each. That’s one of many issues that fascinated me about Large Daddy. It’s taking Bub to the following stage. It’s all a follow-up on the identical factor, that they’re simply going to get increasingly developed. The most effective driving zombie [in Road] is a mishmash of these two characters, and is transgender. She’s the perfect of the perfect. The entire concept behind her was that it was Large Daddy taken to the following stage.” As fascinating because the character sounds, Mr. Birman stops simply shy of showing her title. “The character title? No! It’s too good. It’s a play on phrases. It’s a shock sight gag within the film. We see her title on her racing outfit. After which we come across the again to seek out out her final title, and that’s the place the gag is. I don’t need to give that away. However whenever you see that zombie, you’ll know who it’s.”

Mr. Birman goes on to notice just a few different enjoyable details concerning the screenplay: “I exploit a rustic membership golf course as a 1%-er metaphor, so after all a Hillbilly Zom will get into bother within the tough, so to talk.” One other noteworthy zombie is “Skelly”, featured on the movie’s unique gross sales art work. “The zombie in that previous poster is so tall that he stands proud above the roof of his previous rag prime, so his demise is especially ugly.” As well as, it sounds as if Mr. Birman had accomplished a little bit of wishful fancasting for his movie within the writing stage: “One of many three tremendous robust ladies which might be our heroes is modeled after a sure well-known NASCAR/Indy driver, and he or she is the race crew chief. She will get dined on, after all, which creates a human/zom romance. Kind of! Very arduous to elucidate, however not Heat Our bodies! We by no means obtained her on board the venture, however…hopefully GoDaddy reads Bloody D.”

Along with these enjoyable bits, Mr. Birman reveals that Street would have additionally featured a number of nods to the earlier Lifeless movies. ‘“There was the easter egg from Land, for positive. And I needed Savini to come back again. Since you simply can’t kill that character. And I needed Greg [Nicotero] to do a humorous factor someplace. As a result of he cameoed in Diary. And he’s Greg! There have been a bunch of deliberate easter eggs, and a zillion in-jokes. There are jokey easter eggs referring to my very own onscreen (and off-) roles in Land, Diary and Survival, in addition to mine and G’s emotions concerning the Daybreak remake and Rez Evil 4, each of which I labored the stunts on. I may let you know that the opening scene is a play on the opening in Daybreak, in {that a} sure man with headphones on within the opening sequence reappears as a zombie. There’s a bunch of these. I imply, how might you not? There’ll be much more once I get to it.”

Mr. Birman sums up the story by discussing its thematic considerations: “It’s not a groundbreaking story when it comes to heroes and unhealthy guys, and what the zombies symbolize. It’s principally about Occupy. There are some previous concepts now as a result of a lot time has passed by, that our unhealthy man will now be … all people’s gonna suppose it’s Trump, however it wasn’t in 2012. I had a black NASCAR driver. I wrote it again then, and take a look at what occurred with this man Bubba [Wallace, regarded as being one of the most successful African American NASCAR drivers]. I obtained fortunate with a few issues. And I’m gonna preserve all of that, I don’t care if folks say ‘Oh, it’s Trump.’ As a result of all of it is smart, and it’s all becoming. As people, all of us simply preserve making the identical errors, so why not preserve making motion pictures about them?

“In order that’s the good scheme of it. It’s the Coliseum, it’s two finest mates pitted in opposition to each other, it’s a health care provider looking for a serum, and the zombies are simply leisure. Till they get out, after all. It went by means of an entire bunch of various levels, and after we arrived at one thing we each agreed with, [George] mentioned ‘Okay, now you’ll be able to put my title on it.’ And that’s the place we made our mistake…”

‘Street of the Lifeless’ idea poster


It’s at this level that Mr. Birman describes simply precisely why we haven’t but gotten this entry within the Lifeless saga. “It did choose up a bunch of curiosity in 2015, 2016. We picked up a few cool producers who thought we might get it made for $2-Three million bucks. After which [George] obtained sick, and we put it on maintain. However when Montreal got here up … we didn’t inform anybody about his analysis. [And he passed away] about two weeks earlier than the competition. In order that they known as, and form of put us entrance and heart due to his passing, and it was bittersweet. I had fifty conferences, and – even when he’d been with me – we in all probability would’ve had possibly ten. The film obtained picked up at Fantasia. We had three producing entities. We had Elle Driver, in case you’re aware of them. Gross sales brokers and managers. We have been nearly to exit to forged, and the entire thing fell aside. It’s not useless, no pun supposed.”

So what occurred right here, if the movie was so near getting made? “The manufacturing groups weren’t robust sufficient to take care of administration, so to talk. The underside line is that they couldn’t comply with numbers. The numbers that his earlier administration needed have been astronomical. George and I needed it to be a small little film, with possibly one star. As a result of he handed away, everybody noticed it as – ‘Now it’s going to be this humongous film!’ And it’s not! The style doesn’t lend itself to that. It wasn’t supposed to be that. It was supposed to be a glance again at Daybreak and Day, and in that type. That ‘not fancy, not Land of the Lifeless’ type. Simply campy enjoyable, just like the pie sequence within the mall.

“For the final 12 months or two, I’ve resolved myself to it being that it’s not going to have ‘George Romero Presents’. We are able to’t use George’s title. We principally ran up in opposition to a roadblock that none of my producers might take care of. There was an enormous kerfuffle over the truth that it’s my script, and I wrote it, however each George and I made the error of placing his title on the script in an effort to get it picked up. So we form of pitched it as a ‘by each of us’, however he by no means had any authorized [rights] to it. That induced an issue when he handed and other people began to point out actual curiosity, as a result of it might probably develop into a legacy factor. He simply needed to, in his phrases, ‘assist Mattie get his factor made’. That’s all it was actually supposed for, and the concept was simply to make use of his title as ‘George Romero Presents’ and make him an govt producer. However there was a giant kerfuffle over whose script was it, and no one believed us.

“[George] wasn’t [in the legal aspects of getting the film made]. He simply needed to get it made. We noticed Street as a stepping stone to a few different non-zombie initiatives that we actually needed to do. So we didn’t give Street the load, legally … we didn’t defend ourselves, when it comes to tips on how to get it off the bottom within the smoothest approach potential. Not till he handed away did it get all that curiosity in Montreal.

“However it could have sufficient clout when, if the publicity is appropriate, everybody will know what the film is. It’s potential. It must have a way more highly effective entity behind it to take care of the authorized stuff together with his property. Or if not highly effective, not less than artistic. However the issue I bumped into is – those that have been keen to go that far and take care of the property have been then suggesting that I wasn’t the man to make it. That they wanted a much bigger title director. I used to be like, ‘I do know I’m not a giant title director. I solely have one function below my belt, and twenty-five years of directing second unit, and I’m a 5 time Greatest Director winner, however does it matter that I used to be his choose? Does anyone care that it was my venture, that he needed me to direct?’ It’s just like the managers and producers forgot how a lot George liked the stuff that I did direct for Land, Diary, and Survival, and that’s the place his religion in me got here from. So there’s that to hold on. Nevertheless it’s very arduous for me to simply say ‘Y’know what? Give me a bunch of cash, and go forward and make it.’ As a result of he would kill me and he’d have fucking hated that! It was form of our child. I’d relatively do it in my very own yard with a telephone than have anyone begin to attempt to reimagine it. I don’t need to lose the concepts that we each dug collectively. I don’t need to make it sound prefer it was all rosy. He had some concepts I didn’t like, and we’d negotiate. ‘No, his title ought to be this!’ They weren’t large, big story level issues. We have been each freaks for Apocalypse, and Brando, and we liked Rollerball, and we thought it’d be a hoot.

“It’s potential [that it could still get made as ’George Romero Presents’], however anyone must emotionally give in, and say ‘Look, this isn’t about cash. That is about his legacy, and his followers.’ It’s a horrible approach for all of it to cease. I need to proceed the story, even when it’s only for yet another film.

“I had a bunch of assist from a bunch of individuals, however it all form of went to shit. Aside from Greg! Greg Nicotero was nonetheless with me on the finish. He was like, ‘You need to use my title if it helps, Mattie!’ We’ll see what occurs. It’s definitely not useless. I had a few actually good conferences in December and January, however COVID shut every little thing down.

“I’m nonetheless going to make it! It’s simply going to have a unique title, and it’s gonna be pitched because the film I wasn’t allowed to make. There are an entire bunch of initiatives that we had, scripts written, and it’s stuff I can’t undergo with not utilizing his title as a result of it’s simply this huge authorized battle with them. Which is a disgrace, as a result of he was completely not that man. He was not desirous about that shit.”

‘Street of the Lifeless’ gross sales poster


Whereas followers wait to see what in the end turns into of Street of the Lifeless, it’s price noting that there’s a Jonathan Maberry-penned comedian e book prequel titled Street of the Lifeless: Freeway to Hell that’s presently out there, which fills within the occasions between Land and Street. “I obtained a name from [comic book publisher] IDW just a few years in the past. They needed to do a comic book, which they did. Street, chronologically, comes after Land. That’s what the comedian was about. IDW requested ‘What occurs between Land of the Lifeless and Street of the Lifeless’. I mentioned ‘I dunno. They go to Canada.’ I gave them a two web page factor, and mentioned ‘Right here, go together with this. Listed below are some characters from the script which might be type of cool.’ And so they stuffed within the blanks of how Lifeless Reckoning makes its option to Canada. It borrows some stuff from the screenplay, principally Harriet Jane herself.” Although the comedian has been out for a while, some Romero followers might have missed it on the stands resulting from his title being nowhere on it. “There’s a tiny little Pig Goals copyright, which is my firm. However we didn’t do any type of publicity or put something on the market to let followers know that that is really tied to the film, for authorized causes after all.”

Past this comedian e book prequel, one wonders what the way forward for the franchise was meant to appear like past Street. Was this movie supposed to arrange additional installments within the Lifeless saga? “There’s a really large sight gag on the finish of Street that provides away what the following film could be. In the event that they’ve remembered tips on how to drive, it’s the following factor they’re gonna keep in mind tips on how to do. We used to joke about one other trilogy. ‘Look, you probably did three, and you then sorta did three, we gotta do three extra.’ After I joked about that second movie, he’d say ‘Overlook about it! No!’ However yeah, there’s a potential trilogy. If I don’t get Street made, that’s by no means gonna occur. However there’s a variety of enjoyable if it does. There was a watch to proceed.”

Given the resurgence of curiosity in Mr. Romero’s work of late, spurred on in no small half by the latest publication of his epic zombie novel The Dwelling Lifeless (co-written with Daniel Kraus) and the promise of a misplaced Romero movie due for launch quickly, it strikes this author as unusual that we may be denied his ultimate phrase on the cinematic monster he gave beginning to a half century in the past. With Street, we now have a venture boasting a splendidly insane story, well timed themes, and a could-be-iconic transgender motor racing zombie antihero. Extra importantly, this venture was personally touched by Mr. Romero himself. In doing so, he handed the zombie legacy baton to Mr. Birman for safekeeping, and that ought to under no circumstances be taken evenly (or dismissed altogether, because it have been). One want solely take a look at this venture’s brief historical past to see what Mr. Romero’s personal needs have been for this movie, given his efforts. Forgive my editorializing, however George A. Romero Presents Street of the Lifeless is a movie that ought to exist as simply that – offered below the title of the person who impressed it and gave it his blessing. Something shy of that, regardless of its final high quality, will undoubtedly rob each followers and the reminiscence of Mr. Romero of this one final extension to his signature franchise.

In ending up our discuss, Mr. Birman offers his ultimate ideas on Street of the Lifeless and its future. “It’ll finally get made, whether or not it’s a $Four million film or a $1 million film. Whether or not it has stars or no stars. Nevertheless it’s all the time gonna be, for me, a continuation of his legacy. It simply gained’t be promoted as such. So I’m gonna simply do it alone, and also you’ll see the dedication on the finish. Lastly, followers ought to know the title is now Wolfe Island, solely as a result of I had a blood and whiskey promise to G that I might and would by no means make an ‘…of the Lifeless’ with out him. However I positive as fuck will make this for him. I miss him terribly.”


Very particular due to Matt Birman for his time and insights.

Matt Birman and George A. Romero